The inspection of the American Upland Cotton grading has recently been completed in the week ended 10 December. The inspection was done for 1.215 million bales, while the inspection particularly for Pima cotton was done for 42,000 bales.
Up to now, the new cotton inspection in the USA in 2020/21 has accounted for more than 70 per cent of the total output.
The inspection report says that the quality problems still prevail and these problems are significant. The problem of low colour grade and excessive leaf debris is obvious in the central and southern regions, and some indicators have set records.
More than 75 per cent of the new cotton in Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi and Missouri has a length of 38 and above, while 20 per cent reaches 40 and above – exceeding the C/A average of 37.42.
Specifically, the average strength of new Arkansas cotton is 32 g/tex and above, and overall, the horse value of this cotton is found to be excellent.
More than 70 per cent of the new cotton inspected in the south-east region of the USA has a colour grade of 41 or lower, while its horse value and strength are found to be good.
From the inspections conducted during the week, the cottonseed husk content in the three states was relatively high – 35 per cent in Alabama; 67.6 per cent in Florida and 62.2 per cent in Georgia – as all reached the first level.
The results further state that Texas has still the problem of low horse value of the cotton and short pile length. The average horse value of the week was only 3.75 and 37.5 per cent of the horse value was less than 3.5. The average fibre length was 35.66, and 26.3 per cent of the pile length was 1-1/16 and below.
Therefore, the quality problems in US cotton have led to great discounts on its export quotations, which is a setback for the cotton exporter of the country.